By James Jeans
This publication could be defined as a student's version of the author's Dynamical concept of Gases. it truly is written, besides the fact that, with the wishes of the scholar of physics and actual chemistry in brain, and people elements of which the curiosity used to be as a rule mathematical were discarded. this doesn't suggest that the ebook includes no critical mathematical dialogue; the dialogue specifically of the distribution legislations is sort of certain; yet often the maths is worried with the dialogue of specific phenomena instead of with the dialogue of basics.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Kinetic Theory of Gases (Cambridge Science Classics)
Cm. is found to be 0-0014290, whence we can calculate from equation (58) that C = 461*2 metres per second. Also we have seen (§ 24) that C = l«086 times c, the mean velocity of all molecules, so that c = 425 metres per second.
We must first define temperature. Many ways of measuring temperature depend on the physical properties of particular substances. The ordinary thermometry, for instance, depends on the physical properties of water, glass and mercury. If we used alcohol or gas in our thermometer instead of mercury, we should obtain a slightly different temperature-scale. In fact, there are at least as many ways of measuring temperature as there are substances wherewith to measure it. But, outside all these, there is one more fundamental way which is independent of the properties of any particular substance.
Part of this may warm up the gas, so that the average energy of each molecule is increased from E to E 4- dE\ as there are N molecules, this uses up an amount NdE of the energy. Another part of the added energy may be used in expanding the volume v of the gas. If the movable face increases its distance from the opposite face by dl, the volume will be increased from lz to I2(l + dl), an increase of volume dv equal to l2dl. As the gas exerts a pressure pi2 on this movable face, there must also be a force pi2 acting on the movable face from outside to hold it in position.
An Introduction to the Kinetic Theory of Gases (Cambridge Science Classics) by James Jeans